Priority topics are environmental auditing, corporate auditing, product auditing and understanding the role of standards for environmental assessment and environmental management systems.
P module uses a core text which is specially written and will take you through your self-directed study. Exercises, assignments and other activities, such as self-assessment questions, film clips and animations are included to help you with learning. Most module study guides are now provided in electronic format on a USB flash memory stick, but can also be downloaded from the online learning environment. Click the linked image below to view a sample of our e-study guide:.
SOAS University of London
Important notice regarding changes to programmes and modules. Scope and syllabus The module is divided into four parts, beginning with an introduction to auditing and the legal context within which organisations must operate and why they need to undertake environmental auditing. Brady, J. London, Earthscan. Some purchasing agents give preference to ISO-certified vendors. What organizations should consider ISO , ? ISO standards are applicable to companies of all sizes in any industry, from manufacturing to biotechnology to retail, with the exception of those related to electrical and electronic engineering.
ISO compliance is voluntary.
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Reasons to consider ISO certification Most companies seek ISO certification to: Implement quality controls over products and services to attain consistency. Make planning processes more effective and efficient through consistency. Eliminate added service costs associated with poor quality. Improve production efficiency.
Contribute to good relations with regulatory agencies and the public. Satisfy customers who require ISO and certification of all their vendors. The reason not to Cost. In the short run, certification preparations take resources away from production operations, and ISO audits may reveal new obligations for change to meet regulations.
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What is involved in the certification process? A company seeking certification must document and implement effective quality-control or environmental-management processes that meet the ISO requirements. You can get help from an ISO consultancy service that will take you through the entire certification process, or obtain the guidelines from the International Organization for Standardization if you opt to do the work independently.
Once processes have been fully developed and internally tested, an independent, accredited third party completes an audit to ensure your system satisfies the ISO requirements. Even after receiving certification, companies are subject to re-audits to ensure problems or variances do not reoccur.
It is possible to do your own audit and declare that you are in compliance. Government agencies and customers are likely to have more confidence in the declaration if your internal auditor is certified by ANSI, still more confidence if the audit is by a third party, and the most confidence if the audit is by a third party certified by ANSI.
ConMed, manufacturer of disposable medical devices and powered arthroscopic surgical equipment, started working with a consultant in Simultaneously, it began internal training of various levels of personnel. Fifteen months later, following a successful first audit, ConMed had its certification. As a manufacturer of a medical device, ConMed is subject to regulation, including documentation, and inspection by the FDA. It had to incorporate elements of the ISO documentation system into its existing system.
Employees were removed from their regular duties to complete the training for the new documentation procedures required for ISO and for the ongoing internal audits to maintain the certification.
ISO 14001 Environmental Systems Handbook
Another cost is the consultant fee, although Crisino notes that an experienced ISO consultant can save you time and money in the long term. Consultants can direct you through the process, saving you the cost of unsuccessful attempts at certification audit. For ConMed, it meant passing their audit on the first try. Costs can be recovered if the ISO certification opens your business to new markets and, subsequently, increased trade.
While ConMed's certifying organization was and continues to be a great source of information and advice, Crisino adds that all certifying organizations are not viewed equally. Crisino suggests that those looking to begin the ISO accreditation process start by examining existing processes and procedures within their companies.
If you do not have these in place, start writing! You will need to do the work for ISO certificati on. DO IT [ top ] Perform a cost benefit analysis. If you are going to commit to ISO certification, you should first analyze the added cost of doing business — not the certification process, but any additional overhead costs that you will face to follow ISO standards.
Likewise, research the companies or markets that will do business with you because you have ISO certification. Get a feel for how much your business will increase if you have certification. The idea is to increase your sales so that ISO-certified products won't cost more to your customers, especially your existing customers. Involve your staff. ISO certification is a team effort, not just upfront but ongoing.